Nur ad-Din Jami (1414-1492)

  • “What is man? – The mirror image of the eternal light”

    Nur ad-Din Jami already enjoyed great renown during his lifetime at the court of Herat where he was a welcome guest, and with the Ottoman sultans and the Mughal ruler Babur. He is regarded as the last great poet-mystic of the Persian language.

    Jami had a classical training and made a name for himself as a scholar, poet, and court poet. In his early thirties he had a crisis and he gave up his scholarly life and dedicated himself to the life of a Sufi. He joined the Naqshbandi Order and became their advocate at the court of Herat. This task was made easier for him by his friendship with Mir 'Ali Shir Nava'i, the minister of the ruler Hosseyn Bayqara.

    Jami's work includes both prose and poetry. His most important work is his Haft aurang, the 'Seven Thrones', in which he dealt with philosophical, ethical and religious questions. Apart from didactic poems such as the Gift to the Nobleman, the “Seven Thrones” also include the mystical romance about Yusuf and Zuleykha.

    An important influence on Jami's work was the Andalusian theosopher Ibn al-'Arabi (died 1240). Thanks to Jami, this great mystic also became known in Persia.